now the time has come and I post the next part of the Penny Guide.
But before we enter the world of pentesting we have to create our pentesting environment. In the previous topic I showed you how to install Kali Linux.
In this topic you will see a few ways which allows you to make you more effectively.
- Updates & Upgrades
- Note taking
Before we can update Kali we have to edit a file called “sources.lst”. Open the terminal on the left side of the dock and type the following:
Using the Nano-Editor we are able to edit this file. So add the following lines at the bottom of this file:
deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib deb-src http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
It should look like this:
Now save [Ctrl + O] & exit [Ctrl + X] this file.
[ EX-1 ]: Ask Google what the “sources.lst” is.
2. Updates & Upgrades
No we are able to update Kali.
apt update -y && apt upgrade -y && apt dist-upgrade -y && apt autoremove -y && apt autoclean -y
That’s a basic stuff but it is important. Some software has bugs inside. We have to ensure we are up to date with the tools we are working with. I don’t think you want that your tools will be used against yourself.
By the way:
- You can autocomplete the commands by typing the Tabulator.
[ EX-2 ]: Make sure you understand what you typed. What is apt? What is it used for? What alternatives can you find?
If you have some commands you don’t understand try to use https://explainshell.com/ . This should help you to understand the structure of it.
To increase our productivity we have to make sure we can work fast. Without thinking about what we have click to and where we can find it. Easy. I’ve got two favourite tools.
I am using Terminator. That’s a great and powerful terminal-multiplexer written in Python. Why?
Before I answer this question let us install it first.
apt install terminator
Which terminal-multiplexer is better for you, you have to find out by yourself. Both of them have their pros and cons. Just take time and play with them both.
apt install tmux
A great review about Tmux you can find here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lqehvpe_djs
This video was created by IppSec. I strongly recommend to visit his channel and take a look about his methodology.
If you click on the powerbutton on the top right corner and on the tools button you will enter the settings menu. There you can find at the bottom the section “Devices”. Click on it. Here we are able to edit the keyboard shortcuts.
On the bottom we click on the [+] and set your shortcuts.
I am using the combination of Ctrl + X for terminator and Ctrl + F for Firefox.
But you can add whatever you like.
Now lets jump into Terminator. Terminator has a lot of options you can configure. My favourites are the logger and terminal-screenshot. To enable them right-click on the opened terminator and go to Preferences.
You will see you can customize it as you wish. But going to Plugins we can find the preinstalled plugins. Just check the plugins Logger, TerminalShot and close it. Another right-click on the Terminator will show you at the bottom the just activated plugins. Play with it. Try things out. Feel free. It’s your environment you have to work with. So you have to understand all of the settings.
[ EX-3 ]: Don’t forget about Tmux. Watch the video. Read about them both. Do everything you want with it. PRACTICE.
All the settings we previously saw are all in a single file. Everything is a file.
LiveOverflow. Nice guy. He knows what he is talking about:
But back to Terminator. The config file of the terminator you can at the following path:
Just open it with Nano and you will see everything about the settings. I created my own config which allows me to work really fast. I can split the terminal, move it whatever I like, create new tabs, rename them, copy & paste everything I need. You can download it from here:
If you want to use it, feel free to do so. For that you will just need to copy & paste the content of my config to yours. After that just restart the terminator.
So, back to the question. Why Terminator?
[ EX-4 ]: Play with Terminator. Find out a way to use and configure it for your strengths.
But what the hell we are typing all the time? That’s BASH. Take a moment and look what you can find about it. What do you need to know about it? Search for beginner guides. There is a lot of good stuff out there.
However there is one thing I want to show you:
That’s a bashrc Generator. Using it you can design your prompt whatever you like.
Even here I created my own.
Use it if you like. Or create your own. Yeah, better you create your own.
Design. On Linux? Yap. You are able to design Kali as you like.
Easy. You just have to understand the structure of Debian and how to use your terminal
8. Note taking
Wait, one thing I forgot. What if we need to repeat the things? How did we do that? Damn…
Ok. For this part I recommend CherryTree. It’s already installed in Kali. Just open it and take a look.
Now repeat all the things by your own and take your own notes with structure.
You have to learn a few things from this guide:
- Get an overview
- Understand how it works
- Understand what options you have
- Construct the art of your documentation
- Learn how to search for things
- Learn by your own
- Just don’t give up & try a LITTLE bit harder